How and Why the Skin Ages

I am finally over 55,000 hits! That’s absolutely nuts! I’m writing this mostly on my iPhone so hopefully I won’t get any pitiful autocorrect fails and don’t notice this before publishing…
Today I’m at a Dermalogica educational class as well as their MultiVitamin power serum launch which is pretty exciting for the product line! Anyways, today was very focused on aging skin so I thought I’d share some information on that with you guys starting with the main causes of aging, signs of aging, and lastly products you can use to help these signs of aging.

First thing is first; what the eff makes our faces melt?! Aging occurs in two different ways: intrinsic and extrinsic. Intrinsic counts for 10% of your skins aging where as extrinsic (which you can control) counts for a whopping 90% of your skins aging. Holy ass balls! This means that you can control 90% of your aging!!!! So what are these two things? Ill break it down (stop the music DJ we’re taking this to a whole new level…) intrinsic aging is genetically-programmed and cannot be changed. This means that at one point we will age to some extent. Extrinsic aging is caused by external causes – environment and wear-and-tear. So some of these causes are; sun, smoking and alcohol, eating habits, and improper face care habits. These are all causes of aging in the skin.
Lets go over the signs of aging in the skin. The main sign of aging in the skin is obviously fine lines and wrinkles which are caused by lack of elastin or/and collagen as well as langerhan cells. So we understand that elastin and collagen keep our face firm and taught and these proteins are damaged by MMP’s (matrix metalloproteinase enzymes). To keep this simple – basically these enzymes are brought into the skin by uv rays, smoking, drinking, etc. etc. and they develop into these little pacman guys (bad enzymes) and eat all the little dots (collagen and elastin proteins).
The next sign of aging is pigmentation problems wether that be hyper or hypo pigmentation we notice that uneven skin tone. Pigmentation is caused by years and years of living in the sunshine. Uv exposure causes our melanocytes to activate and produce melanin to protect the skin. Melanin shows as a tan so while you’re thinking that this tan is the bomb, it’s actually your skin going “oh god, oh help me!!! Put up the barriers!!” Because they’re being attacked. Over many years this will cause your melanocytes to diminish and become all effed up.Over the years there is a decline in the number of melanocytes in your your skin which leads to a reduction in melanin causing a mottled skin appearance. So your skin will appear to be darker in patches and uneven.

Now our next little assholes in the skin are free radicals. I know I’ve talked about them before but I’ll go into detail this time. Free radicals are cells put into the body by uv exposure, drinking and smoking. In one puff of a cigarette 6 million free radicals are out into the body. 6 MILLION. What these are are cells without the proper amount of electrons; they’re missing some. So instead of the 8 electrons that they need they will only have something like 5. So they go to your happy healthy cells and go “gimme that!” And take some of their electrons because they want to be whole again. Now those cells that were just robbed THEY go out and steal someone else’s electrons to make themselves whole again. Each time they steal they only take one or two so they keep looking around to attack more healthy cells. This causes a huge chain reaction of cells thievery which ends up with your skin looking saggy or wrinkled.

Our last little bastards are glucose cells. Damn straight sugars! Now I’m not saying sugar entirely is bad, because it goes in and gets digested and changed into energy for our body. But excess sugars are no good. The excess glucose cells bond to collagen and elastin and stick together and make a very sticky, thick mess. This sticky mess makes it so the collagen and elastin can’t do what it’s supposed to so it creates deep wrinkles.

BAM! Telangiectasia. [Tah-lan-jeck-tay-she-a] this is the appearance of redness in patches. This redness is actually caused by dialated blood vessels and capillaries. These give small red lines in the face and becomes more apparent as the skin thins. This is caused by many things; over exfoliation, too much sun exposure, constant flushing of the skin (blushing), and too much picking at the skin.

Next I’m going to back track a little and talk about skin loosing it’s firmness and elasticity and yet another reason that this happens; cell turnover. Cell turnover is how fast our cells renew themselves and as we age this slows down. When we are 20 years old, our cells renew in 20 days. When we are 50+ our cells take around 3 months to renew. That’s more than triple the length. This will cause the skin to appear dull, rough and appear to be mature.

Lastly I’m going to point out dehydration in the skin. Dehydration is a big factor to fine lines and rough appearing skin. Normally our epidermis is a layer of dead skin cells but as our skin becomes more and more dehydrated, more cells than normal die. These cells sit on the top of your skin to create a rough and dull appearing surface. The longer the skin is dehydrated the easier it is for wrinkles to appear. If you think of the skin as material, dehydrated skin is like paper – it wrinkles super easy, well hydrated skin is like fabric – it will crinkle, but it takes a while and a lot of effort.

So those are the why’s and how’s to aging. Next post I’ll go over the how to prevent and correct (as much as you can). So to just summarize briefly aging is visible by fine to deep lines, pigmentation, rough skin, loss of elasticity, telangectasia,  and dull appearance.

Let me know if you have any questions!!! This post was pretty jam packed of info!



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